Printing Glossary – Terms starting with F

# A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Face

Edge of a bound publication opposite the spine. Also called foredge. Also, an abbreviation for typeface referring to a family of a general style

Fake Duotone

Halftone in one ink color printed over screen tint of a second ink color. Also called dummy duotone, dougraph, duplex halftone, false duotone, flat tint halftone and halftone with screen

Fast Color Inks

Inks with colors that retain their density and resist fading as the product is used and washed

Feeding Unit

Component of a printing press that moves paper into the register unit

Felt Finish

Soft woven pattern in text paper

Felt side

The smoother side of a sheet in the paper. The wire side is the rougher side of the paper. The difference happens in the papermaking process. The differences are eliminated when papers are gloss or matte coated.

Fifth Color

An ink color added to a printed piece in addition to the standard cyan, magenta, yellow and black used in 4 color process printing. Usually a Pantone spot color or custom formulated ink. Requires an extra run through the press on a four color press adding to the cost. Some presses have five units to accommodate fifth colors or clear coatings.

Film Gauge

Thickness of film. The most common gauge for graphic arts film is 0.004 inch (0.1 mm)

Film Laminate

Thin sheet of plastic bonded to a printed product for protection or increased gloss

Fine Papers

Papers made specifically for writing or commercial printing, as compared to coarse papers and industrial papers. Also called cultural papers and graphic papers

Fine Screen

Screen with ruling of 150 lines per inch (80 lines per centimeter) or more

Finish

The surface quality of a paper.

Finished Size

Size of product after production is completed, as compared to flat size. Also called trimmed size

Fit

The registration of the different colors on a printed sheet.

Fixed Costs

Costs that remain the same regardless of how many pieces are printed. Copyrighting, photography and design are fixed costs

Flat Color

(1) Any color created by printing only one ink, as compared to a color created by printing four-color process. Also called block color and spot color. (2) color that seems weak or lifeless

Flat Plan (Flats)

Diagram of the flats for a publication showing imposition and indicating colors

Flat Size

Size of product after printing and trimming, but before folding, as compared to finished size

Flexography

A printing method using flexible plates where the image to be printed is higher than the non-printing areas. The inked areas are then contact the material to be printed, transferring the ink from the raised areas to the material. Fast drying inks are usually used in this process. Common uses are the printing of cans and bottles and other non-flat items.

Flood

To print a sheet completely with an ink or varnish. flooding with ink is also called painting the sheet

Flush Cover

Cover trimmed to the same size as inside pages, as compared to overhang cover. Also called cut flush Flyleaf Leaf, at the front and back of a casebound book that is the one side of the end paper not glued to the case

Fogging Back

Used in making type more legible by lowering density of an image, while allowing the image to show through

Foil

Then metal sheet that is applied to paper using the foil stamping process. Frequently gold colored, but available in many colors.

Foil Emboss

To foil stamp and emboss an image. Also called heat stamp

Foil Embossing

Stamping a thin sheet of metallic foil onto a sheet of paper and then embossing a pattern under it, creating a three dimensional raised area, usually text or an image. See a sample of foil embossing.

Foil Stamp

Method of printing that releases foil from its backing when stamped with the heated die. Also called block print, hot foil stamp and stamp

Foil Stamping

Impressing metallic foil onto paper with a heated die.

Fold Marks

With printed matter, markings indicating where a fold is to occur, usually located at the top edges

Folder

A bindery machine dedicated to folding printed materials

Foldout

Gatefold sheet bound into a publication, often used for a map or chart. Also called gatefold and pullout

Folio (page number)

The actual page number in a publication

Font

The characters which make up a complete typeface and size.

For Position Only

Refers to inexpensive copies of photos or art used on mechanical to indicate placement and scaling, but not intended for reproduction. Abbreviated FPO

Form

Each side of a signature. Also spelled forme

Form bond

Lightweight bond, easy to perforate, made for business forms. Also called register bond

Form Roller(s)

Roller(s) that come in contact with the printing plate, bringing it ink or water

Format

Size, style, shape, layout or organization of a layout or printed product

Forwarding

In the case book arena, the binding process which involves folding, rounding, backing, headbanding and reinforcing

Fountain

Trough or container, on a printing press, that holds fluids such as ink, varnish or water. Also called duct

Fountain Solution

Mixture of water and chemicals that dampens a printing plate to prevent ink from adhering to the nonimage area. Also called dampener solution

Four-color Process Printing

Technique of printing that uses black, magenta, cyan and yellow to simulate full-color images. Also called color process printing, full color printing and process printing

FPO – For Position Only

Low resolution or mockup images used to indicate placement and size in a design, but not intended for final production.

Free sheet

Any paper that is free from wood pulp impurities.

French Fold

A printed sheet, printed one side only, folded with two right angle folds to form a four page uncut section

Full-range Halftone

Halftone ranging from 0 percent coverage in its highlights to 100 percent coverage in its shadows

Full-scale Black

Black separation made to have dots throughout the entire tonal range of the image, as compared to half-scale black and skeleton black. Also called full-range black